Written by Prof. Nadia Hegazy Noman.
The usher called out to the commander of the Muslim armies Qutaybah, but it was strange that the usher called him without a title, so Qutaybah came to him.
The judge said: What is your claim,Samarkandi
He said: Qutaiba entered us with his army, and he had never called us to Islam, and he did not invite us until we thought about the matter.
The judge asked Qutayba: What do you say about this, Qutayba
Qutaiba said: The war is a deception, and all the countries around it were resisting and did not enter Islam and did not accept the tribute…
The judge said: O Qutaiba, did you invite them to Islam, tribute or war
Qutaiba said: No, we just caught them
The judge said: I see you have decided.. and if the defendant confesses, the trial ends, O Qutaiba… God does not help this nation except with religion, avoiding treachery and establishing justice..
We have decreed that all Muslims be expelled from the land of Samarkand, that shops and homes be left, and that no one remains in Samarkand, provided that they are warned first.
The trial did not exceed a few minutes, and after several hours, the people of Samarkand heard loud voices and saw banners waving through the dust, so they asked.. They were told: It is the army that is withdrawing, and as soon as the sun sets on that day, the streets of Samarkand are empty, and the sound of crying is heard in the homes about the exit That just nation merciful of their country.
The people of Samarkand did not control themselves, until they came out in groups towards the camp of the Muslims, chanting the testimony ((There is no god but God and that Muhammad is the Messenger of God)).
And it was the greatest trial he had ever heard of in history, and the judge was him
Omar bin Abdul Aziz, may God have mercy on him.